With a loud cry, a new life came to the world. In addition to welcoming his (her) arrival, we should also understand him(her). What are the appearance characteristics of a normal newborn?
The head is large, the ratio of the head to the whole body is 1:4 (1:8 for adults), the torso is long, and the limbs are relatively short.
Due to the compression of the birth canal during childbirth, the head of the newborn baby may be deformed. Some birth tumors (commonly known as "pioneer head") formed due to local edema (commonly known as "pioneer head") can be absorbed by themselves within a few days after birth. Worry). Some babies have very dense hair, while others are very sparse, and stick to the scalp wet (the shape of the hair at birth does not represent the condition of the baby's hair when it grows up, mothers don't have to worry about it). Since the skull is not completely closed, the mother can clearly see the front and back fontanelles of the pulse beating on the baby's head.
Due to the compression of the birth canal, the newborn's face and eyes will look a little swollen, the cheeks may be asymmetrical, the bridge of the nose may be relatively flat, and a yellow-white chestnut rash may appear on the tip of the nose. The eye movements of newborn babies are not coordinated, and they often have physiological strabismus, which usually disappears in 2-4 weeks.
The skin of a newborn baby is very thin, red in color, with many wrinkles, and will be covered by a layer of white smooth material (we commonly call it fetal fat), which can protect the baby’s skin from being harmed by the liquid environment and have a certain effect on the baby. Warmth, or covered with a layer of soft fluff, most of them disappear within a few weeks. Some babies will also have blue-purple "Mongolian spots" on the waist and abdomen.
Due to space limitations in the womb, most babies are born with head bent over the chest, hands clasped in front of the chest, legs curled up, hands clasped, and they are often flexed. After birth, although the head, neck, and torso will gradually stretch out, the limbs will still remain curled for a period of time, and the small hands will also maintain a fist position for a period of time.https://www.babedear.com